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An updated checklist of type material of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) housed in the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH), Germany
expand article infoMeik Henningsen§, Gabriele Peitzner, Peter Peitzner, Martin Husemann
‡ Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany
§ University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Open Access

Abstract

We present an updated checklist of type specimens of dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) and damselflies (Odonata: Zygoptera) housed in the collection of the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH), part of the Centrum für Naturkunde (CeNak), Hamburg, Germany. We list all types currently housed in the dry and wet collections of the museum and compare the current holdings to the previous catalogues provided by Weidner (1962, 1977). In total, the collection of the ZMH currently houses 84 type specimens belonging to 44 species (38 of which are still valid species); these include 17 holotypes, 7 syntypes, 4 lectotypes, 33 paratypes, and 23 paralectotypes. We here provide an updated list of Odonata types in the ZMH, which includes any changes in taxonomy, but also corrects mistakes of previous catalogues.

Key Words

Centrum für Naturkunde, CeNak, Anisoptera, Zygoptera

Introduction

Type collections represent the most valuable material in museum collections as they are the ultimate reference for species (Bradley et al. 2014; Schindel and Cook 2018). However, the locations of many types remain unknown as museums often do not have the capacity to provide complete lists of their types, or even images of all specimens, despite enhanced efforts of digitization. Therefore, complete type catalogs are a valuable resource for the community.

The Centrum für Naturkunde (CeNak) was newly founded in 2014 and is the umbrella for the mineralogical, the geological-paleontological, and the zoological collections. The zoological collection, also known as the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH), has a long tradition and was originally established in 1843. Important collections, such as the ones from the Museum Goddefroy (1861–1885), a private museum based on collections assembled by Johann Cesar VI Godeffroy, were bought and implemented in the the ZMH. However, large parts of the collections, especially the dry material of the collection of holometabolous insects was destroyed during the second World War (WW2) in 1943. Fortunately, most of the collection of hemimetabolous insects could be saved; hence, this part of the Hamburg collection is specifically old, valuable and rich in type specimens.

Herbert Weidner was the curator of the entomological collections in Hamburg after WW2 (between 1950 and 1976) and rebuild much of the collections following their partial destruction. He was also the first to provide commented catalogues on the collections with a focus on the types housed in Hamburg; he published these catalogues of the entomological and arachnological collections in a series of papers between 1962 until 1977 in the journal Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut. Most of these contributions were published in German, restricting their accessibility for international scientists. Since Weidner, no further catalogues were published on the collections until recently, when catalogues on the solifigues (Harms and Dupere 2018), on the mayflies (Satori et al. 2016) and on the Caelifera and Ensifera have been published (Dey and Husemann 2018a, b). In this paper we provide an updated checklist of the types of dragonflies and damselflies currently housed in the collection of the ZMH based on the original catalogues of Odonata by Weidner (1962, 1977). We further provide images of example labels of the most important taxonomists having worked with the collection.

Figure 1.

Examples of labels from a) Emond de Selys; b) Friedrich M. Brauer; c) Friedrich Ris and Karl F. Buchholz; d) Erich Schmidt, e) Martius A. Lieftinck; and f) Otto le Roi.

Results and discussion

In his first catalogue in 1962, Weidner listed the types of 41 species of dragon- and damselflies; in his update from 1977 he reported the types of seven additional species, raising the total number of species of which types should be held in the collection to 48. The types of five of these 48 species were considerd lost by Weidner (1962, 1977): Neurothemis nesaea Ris, 1911, Leptogomphus retroflexus Ris, 1921, Anax chrysomelas Ris, 1911, Nesobasis longistyla Selys, 1891 and N. nigrostigma Selys, 1891. Hence, the types of 43 species and subspecies were present in 1977.

Figure 2.

Male holotype of Nubiolestes diotima; the original label states Eolestes camerunensis, but in the description the species is named Eolestes diotima. All label information match the original description.

Currently, the collection of the ZMH houses the types of 44 species (38 of which are still valid). In total 84 type specimens are present in the collection; these include 17 holotypes, 7 syntypes, 4 lectotypes, 33 paratypes and 23 paralectotype (Table 1). Most of the species currently held in the collection were already documented in Weidner’s catalogues. The types of Neurothemis nesaea Ris, 1911 and Leptogomphus retroflexus Ris, 1921 (now Heliogomphus retroflexus), which were listed as missing by Weidner (1962) were re-discovered. A specimen labelled as syntype of Trithemis dichroa (Karsch, 1893) is present in the collection (ZMH65941), but was suggested to be invalid by Weidner (1962). Based on the collection data, we agree with Weidner (1962), that this is not a syntype of the species as the type location, as well as the collection date of the original descriptions do not match. The type of Anax chrysomelas Ris, 1911 listed in Weidner (1962) and Nesobasis longistyla Selys, 1891 and N. nigrostigma Selys, 1891 in Weidner (1977) as missing could not be found; however, Bridges (1994) lists the types of the Nesobasis species for the Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique (IRSN); hence, they may not be lost but in a different location. Weidner (1962) listed the type of Anax chrysomelas Ris, 1911 as lost. However, this species cannot be found in any other catalogue than that of Weidner (1962) and hence its species status is doubtful. Further, the types of Tramea samoensis Brauer, 1867, and T. transmarina Brauer, 1867, which were reported by Weidner (1962) were not found and hence have to be considered lost.

Figure 3.

Rediscovered paralectotype of Neurothemis nesaea assigned by Malte Seehausen in 2016.

List of type specimens currently housed in the collection of the ZMH. Collection numbers, current valid name and senior synonymies, type status, as well as important collection information are given. Current taxonomic assignment is based on Bridges (1994), Steinmann (1997a, 1997b) and Schorr and Paulson (2019); all specimens besides ZMH65834 are kept dry. † after the type = is lost.

ID Family Species Name Syn of. Sex Type Country Region Location Previous catalogue
ZMH65877 Aeshnidae Gynacantha schultzei Le Roi, 1915 Gynacantha sextans (McLachlan, 1896) m Holotype Equatorial Guinea Span. Guinea Benito Weidner 1962
ZMH65834 Aeshnidae Heliaeschna lanceolata Le Roi, 1915 Heliaeschna fuliginosa Karsch, 1893+ m Holotype Dem. Rep. Congo Ubangi-District, Duma Weidner 1962
ZMH65876 Aeshnidae Plattycantha acuta Lieftinck, 1937 m Paratype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962
ZMH65841 Chlorocyphidae Chlorocypha aphrodite (Le Roi, 1915) m Holotype Dem. Rep. Congo Dolo Weidner 1962
ZMH65840 Coenagrionidae Acanthagrion peruanum Schmidt, 1942 m Holotype Peru South-Peru Sivia 520m, Shore of Apurimac Weidner 1962
ZMH65829 Coenagrionidae Agriocnemis gratiosa Gerstäcker 1891 m Syntype Tansania Sansibar Nasimoya Weidner 1962
ZMH65830 Coenagrionidae Agriocnemis gratiosa Gerstäcker 1891 f Syntype Tansania Sansibar Weidner 1962
ZMH65832 Coenagrionidae Ceriagrion aeruginosum (Brauer, 1869) f Holotype Australia Rockhampton Weidner 1962
ZMH65937 Coenagrionidae Agrion distigma Brauer, 1869 Ischnura heterostictum (Burmeister, 1839) m Lectotype1 Weidner 1962
ZMH65837 Coenagrionidae Melanesobasis flavilabris (Selys, 1891) f Paratype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1977
ZMH65838 Coenagrionidae Melanesobasis flavilabris (Selys, 1891) m Paratype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1977
ZMH65833 Coenagrionidae Melanesobasis annulata (Brauer, 1869) m Holotype Polynesia Samoa Weidner 1962
ZMH65835 Coenagrionidae Nesobasis erythrops Selys, 1891 m Paralectotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1977
ZMH65836 Coenagrionidae Nesobasis erythrops Selys, 1891 m Paralectotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1977
ZMH65839 Coenagrionidae Nesobasis telegastrum Selys, 1891 m Holotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1977
Coenagrionidae Nesobasis longistyla Selys, 1891 m Holotype † Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1962
Coenagrionidae Nesobasis nigrostigma Selys, 1891 m Holotype † Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1962
ZMH65827 Coenagrionidae Palaiargia perimecosoma Lieftinck, 1957 2f Paratype Indonesia Halmahera Mumar-River, 200-300m Weidner 1962
ZMH65828 Coenagrionidae Palaiargia perimecosoma Lieftinck, 1957 m Paratype Indonesia Halmahera Mumar-River, 200-300m Weidner 1962
ZMH65831 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion cingillum (Brauer 1869) m Lectotype1 Australia Rockhampton Weidner 1962
ZMH65842 Gomphidae Archaeogomphus (Austroarchaeogomphus) infans (Ris, 1913) f Holotype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1962
ZMH65853 Gomphidae Gomphidia caesarea Lieftinck, 1929 m Holotype Indonesia Borneo Lebang Hara Weidner 1962
ZMH65854 Gomphidae Heliogomphus blandulus Lieftinck, 1929 m Holotype Indonesia Borneo Swamp forest at Bika River Weidner 1962
ZMH65942 Gomphidae Heliogomphus retroflexus (Ris, 1912) f Paratype Vietnam Tonkin Than Moi Weidner 1962*
ZMH65943 Gomphidae Heliogomphus retroflexus (Ris, 1912) f Paratype Vietnam Tonkin Than Moi Weidner 1962*
ZMH65944 Gomphidae Heliogomphus retroflexus (Ris, 191a) f Paratype Vietnam Tonkin Than Moi Weidner 1962*
ZMH65945 Gomphidae Heliogomphus retroflexus (Ris, 1912) f Paratype Vietnam Tonkin Than Moi Weidner 1962*
ZMH65843 Gomphidae Phyllocycla titschacki (Schmidt, 1942) m Holotype Peru South-Peru Sivia 520m Weidner 1962
ZMH65846 Gomphidae Progomphus adaptatus Belle, 1973 m Holotype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1977
ZMH65847 Gomphidae Progomphus adaptatus Belle, 1973 f Paratype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1977
ZMH65848 Gomphidae Progomphus adaptatus Belle, 1973 f Paratype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1977
ZMH65849 Gomphidae Progomphus adaptatus Belle, 1973 f Paratype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1977
ZMH65850 Gomphidae Progomphus adaptatus Belle, 1973 f Paratype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1977
ZMH65844 Gomphidae Progomphus guyanensis Belle, 1966 f Paratype Surinam Dauwdropkam Weidner 1977
ZMH65845 Gomphidae Progomphus guyanensis Belle, 1966 m Paratype Surinam Dauwdropkam Weidner 1977
ZMH65851 Gomphidae Progomphus recurvatus Ris, 1911 m Holotype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1962
ZMH65852 Gomphidae Progomphus recurvatus Ris, 1911 f Paratype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1962
ZMH65887 Libellulidae Diplacina persephone Lieftinck, 1933 m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia Weidner 1962
ZMH65888 Libellulidae Diplacina persephone Lieftinck, 1933 m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia Weidner 1962
ZMH65889 Libellulidae Erythrodiplax ines Ris, 1909 m Syntype Ecuador Santa Inéz, east of the Andes, 1250m Weidner 1962
ZMH65890 Libellulidae Erythrodiplax ines Ris, 1909 f Syntype Ecuador Santa Inéz, east of the Andes, 1250m Weidner 1962
ZMH65894 Libellulidae Huonia oreophila Lieftnick, 1935 f, m Paratype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962
ZMH65895 Libellulidae Huonia thais Lieftinck, 1953 3m Paratype Indonesia Misool Island (W.), 0–75m Weidner 1962
ZMH65932 Libellulidae Macrothemis cynthia Ris, 1913 f Syntype Brasil Espirito Santo Weidner 1962
ZMH65885 Libellulidae Micromacromia camerunica Karsch, 1890 f Paratype Cameroon Hinterland Jaunde-Station Weidner 1962
ZMH65884 Libellulidae Micromacromia zygoptera (Ris, 1909) m Paratype Cameroon Mukonje-Farm, close to Mundame at Mungo River Weidner 1962
ZMH65883 Libellulidae Microtrigonia gomphoides Lieftinck, 1934 m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia Weidner 1962
ZMH65939 Libellulidae Nannodiplax rubra (Brauer, 1868) m Syntype Australia Queensland Weidner 1962
ZMH65940 Libellulidae Nannodiplax rubra (Brauer, 1868) m Syntype Australia Queensland Weidner 1962
ZMH65882 Libellulidae Nannophlebia amphicyllis Lieftinck, 1933 f, m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962
ZMH65886 Libellulidae Neodythemis afra (Ris, 1909) m Paratype Cameroon Mukonje-Farm, close to Mundame at Mungo River Weidner 1962
ZMH65891 Libellulidae Neurothemis nesaea Ris, 1911 f Paralectotype2 Indonesia South Sulawesi Lompa-Battau Weidner 1962*
ZMH65896 Libellulidae Orthetrum kraepelini Ris, 1897 Orthetrum cancellatum (L., 1758) m Holotype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65897 Libellulidae Orthetrum kraepelini Ris, 1897 Orthetrum cancellatum (L. , 1758) f Paratype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65898 Libellulidae Orthetrum kraepelini Ris, 1897 Orthetrum cancellatum (L. , 1758) f Paratype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65899 Libellulidae Orthetrum kraepelini Ris, 1897 Orthetrum cancellatum (L. , 1758) f Paratype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65900 Libellulidae Orthetrum kraepelini Ris, 1897 Orthetrum cancellatum (L. , 1758) f Paratype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65938 Libellulidae Rhodopygia chloris (Ris, 1911) Rhodopygia hollandi (Calvert, 1907) f Paratype Surinam Upper Pará Weidner 1962
ZMH65934 Libellulidae Rhyothemis phyllis dispar Brauer 1867 Rhyothemis phyllis (Sulzer, 1776) f Paralectotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Vanua and Balavu Weidner 1962
ZMH65935 Libellulidae Rhyothemis phyllis dispar Brauer 1867 Rhyothemis phyllis (Sulzer, 1776) f Paralectotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Vanua and Balavu Weidner 1962
ZMH65936 Libellulidae Rhyothemis phyllis dispar Brauer 1867 Rhyothemis phyllis (Sulzer, 1776) f Paralectotype Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Vanua and Balavu Weidner 1962
ZMH65933 Libellulidae Rhyothemis regia chalcoptilon (Brauer, 1867) Rhyothemis regia (Brauer, 1867) f Holotype Polynesia Samoa Weidner 1962
ZMH65892 Libellulidae Sympetrum tibialis (Ris, 1897) m Holotype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65893 Libellulidae Sympetrum tibialis (Ris, 1897) m Paratype China Maralbaschi at Kaschgar Darja Weidner 1962
ZMH65901 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Lectotype3 Tansania Sansibar Weidner 1962
ZMH65902 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype East-Afrika Weidner 1962
ZMH65903 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype Tansania Sansibar River Mucro (Mucra) Weidner 1962
ZMH65904 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype Tansania Mbusini (Usegua) Weidner 1962
ZMH65926 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype Weidner 1962
ZMH65927 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype Tansania Sansibar River Muera Weidner 1962
ZMH65928 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) m Paralectotype Tansania Sansibar Weidner 1962
ZMH65929 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) f Paralectotype Tansania Mbusini (Usegua) Weidner 1962
ZMH65930 Libellulidae Libellula stuhlmanni Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis arteriosa (Gerstäcker 1891) f Paralectotype Tansania Sansibar Weidner 1962
ZMH65931 Libellulidae Libellula ardens Gerstäcker, 1891 Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891 m Lectotype4 East-Afrika Weidner 1962
Libellulidae Tramea samoensis Brauer, 1866 Tramea transmarina Brauer, 1867 m Holotype † Samoa Weidner 1962
Libelluidae Tramea transmarina Brauer, 1867 m Syntype † Rep. Fidschi Fidschi Viti Weidner 1962
ZMH65826 Synlestidae Nubiolestes diotima (Schmidt, 1943) M Holotype Cameroon „Esosung“ Bakossi-Mountains, Weidner 1962
ZMH65878 Synthemistidae Synthemis feronia (Lieftinck, 1938) f, m Paratype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai Weidner 1962
ZMH65879 Synthemistidae Palaeosynthemis gracilenta (Lieftinck, 1935) f, m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962
ZMH65880 Synthemistidae Palaeosynthemis gracilenta (Lieftinck, 1935) f Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962
ZMH65881 Synthemistidae Palaeosynthemis gracilenta (Lieftinck, 1935) m Paralectotype Indonesia North New Guinea Hollandia, Humboldt-Baai, Cycloop Mountains, 1000m Weidner 1962

The types held in the ZMH collection have specific value, as many originate from tropical regions, which are difficult to access or where habitats of the species no longer exist. The majority of species the ZMH holds types of were described by Martius A. Lieftinck, Friedrich Ris, Emond de Selys, and Friedrich M. Brauer, important taxonomists of Odonata (see Fig. 1 for typical labels). Many of the species described by the above mentioned authors were based on material from the collections of the private Museum Goddefroy. Karl F. Buchholz investigated additional material from this collection housed in the ZMH and re-discovered and re-described some type material (Buchholz 1959). It remains possible that additional types are housed in the collection, which are not labelled as such. Detailed digitization and the work of specialists in the collection in the future will help to unlock its potential.

Figure 4.

Female syntype of Macrothemis cynthia.

Figure 5.

Rediscovered female paratype of Leptogomphus retroflexus which was considered lost by Weidner (1962).

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Thure Dalsgaard for images of the labels and some specimens. We thank Kai Schütte and Martin Kubiak for comments on an initial draft. We are further grateful to Vincent Kalkman, Gleison Desidéro, Angelo Pinto and Danilo Harms for valuable comments on a previous version of the manuscript.

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